Title : An overview of the aquaculture sector in Egypt: current trend and the development strategies
Abstract: Fish production from aquaculture plays an important role in increasing the fisheries production
globally. In Egypt, fish production through aquaculture has emerged as the utmost potential way to meet
fish demand, food security, livelihood, employment and national GDP. Egypt is the largest African country
and the 10
globally in aquaculture production, with about 1.93 million ton during 2018 of which 1.56
million ton from aquaculture (GAFRD, 2018). Most of fish farms in Egypt are located in the Nile Delta
region and mainly fresh water. Furthermore, mariculture in the region is still at an early stage, even though
in recent years a growing number of commercial shrimp farms and fish-farming operations using floating
and submerged cages have been established and are encouraging new investments. Current practices for
aquaculture in Egypt include extensive, semi-intensive and intensive aquaculture systems, integrated
aquaculture systems, aquaponics and rice-field aquaculture, desert aquaculture and mariculture. Different
freshwater and marine fish species are successfully cultured in Egypt; the most important species are the
tilapias, followed by mullets and carps. Seabream, seabass, meager, eel, and shrimp are also cultured in a
wide scale especially on the coastal areas of Mediterranean Sea. This research represents the trends of the
aquaculture production in Egypt for the period 1990-2018 and evaluates its current status. The study
describes also the obstacles that threaten the sustainable development of this sector such as the availability
of seeds and food, the high costs of production and quality of products. The study proposes developmental
strategies for authorities to develop and expand aquaculture sector, which could greatly support livelihood
and food security in Egypt.
What will audience learn from your presentation?
• They will gain knowledge on the aquaculture techniques used in Egypt and will learn about the
successful stories in the field of aquaculture and how to start and invest in a fish farm.