HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Tokyo, Japan or Virtually from your home or work.

3rd Edition of
World Aquaculture and Fisheries Conference

May 24-25, 2023| Hybrid Event
WAC 2022

Efficacy of antibacterial compounds isolated from seaweeds for controlling Aeromonas Salmonicida infections in Oreochromis Mossambicus

John Thomas, Speaker at Aquaculture Conferences
Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), India
Title : Efficacy of antibacterial compounds isolated from seaweeds for controlling Aeromonas Salmonicida infections in Oreochromis Mossambicus

Abstract:

Aquaculture is an important activity responsible for the production of protein rich animal food worldwide. Aquaculture production has increased, due to the continuous expansion of cultured fish and shellfish species. Sea weeds are valuable natural assets in aquaculture due to the presence of various bioactive active metabolites in them. Successful fish production and maintenance of disease free culturing systems in aquaculture with environment friendly practices is often affected by various environmental factors. Disease causing pathogens is one delivery systems, feed encapsulations processes and immersions of active ingredients which can possibly facilitate sustainable production by enhancing growth and immune responses in aquaculture animals. The focus of our study is on the identification of antibacterial and antioxidant compounds from two brown seaweeds, Gracilaria foliifera and Sargassum longifolium which have proven bioactive compounds. By a process of microencapsulation these bioactive compounds were encapsulated in the form of beads. Sodium caseinate and xanthan gum were mixed together to form the beads. This process helps to retain and protect the bio active ingredients from adverse reactions such as oxidation and nutritional deterioration. These microencapsulated beads were administered orally to Oreochromis mossambicus the experimental fishes, with average body weight of 10–12 g and challenged against the pathogenic bacteria Aeromonas salmonicida to assess their antibacterial efficacy to control this bacterial pathogen. Microencapsulated bio active compounds were further characterized by FTRaman, GC–MS, NMR, HPLC and SEM analysis. In this study, the effects of combined formulations of the different bioactive compounds were determined. Data obtained from the treatment of A. salmonicida infection in O. mossambicus using formulated bioactive compounds obtained from these seaweeds showed very high survival percentage in this species of fish.

Biography:

Dr. John Thomas completed M.Sc Microbiology from University of Madras in 2004. He then Completed Ph.D in Microbiology (Aquaculture specialization) in the year 2010 from Thiruvalluvar University, Tamil Nadu, India. He is currently working as an Assistant Professor Senior in VIT, Vellore. He has published more than 30 research articles in Scopus indexed Journals. He also has 8 book chapters and one patent published.

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