Aquaculture of shrimps is a highly lucrative industry, and it accounts for more than half of the total shrimps sold globally. Among the common species cultured in Mexico are Litopenaeus vannamei, Penaeus stylirostris and Penaeus setiferus. South-Asia, China, India, Brazil, Mexico and Ecuador are some of the leading producers of shrimps through aquaculture operations. Globally, improvements are being made to reduce operational costs and implement novel and effective disease control strategies. In this review we present information on the currently cultured shrimp species, operational problems including the production and administration of both, live and dry feed. Aquacultural operations involve unavoidable release of large quantities of nutrient-rich wastewaters into natural systems. Some suggestions to harvest such wastewater to minimize possible environmental damage have been outlined. In addition, due to lack of awareness among the aquaculturists to control the diseases, most shrimp industries occasionally become unstable. In this review we have mentioned some aspects of crop security as means to guarantee breakeven returns to the investors.