Title : Remediation of water pollution by catalytic oxidants over the oceanic transitional areas (OTAS)
ABSTRACT: It aims to develop Physicochemical and spectroscopic methods to characterize the in-situ chemical speciation of the inorganic contaminants and develop technologies for remediation of water pollution by catalytic oxidants over Oceanic Transitional Areas (OTAs). Next, to control Water Pollution resulting due to the toxin, toxic gases, Green House Gases over the subsurface oceanic regions, by making use of Catalytic Oxides of the first-row transition metal oxides in order to save marine life by inhibiting the effect of Global Warming and controlling the marine pollution through the remediation of the water treatment processes. Water gets polluted due to the toxin, toxic gases, and toxic entities viz. Chemical (e. g. lead, mercury, hydrofluoric acid, and chlorine gas), Biological, Physical, and Radiations. The oxidation process would be employed to treat groundwater contaminants by making use of the Physico-Chemical properties of these catalytic oxidants involving chemical oxidation in subsurface systems and above groundwater systems by regeneration of Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) and using the ‘High-Affinity Toxin Receptors’ (HART); to entrap toxins, Chemical toxicants, as well as by innovative catalytic processes to convert GHG (Methane, CO2) to ethanol. Next, to control Marine Pollution over Oceanic Transitional Areas (TAs), the studies are focused to explore Multiple Stressors on the ocean, Sea-level Variability Mechanisms, Sub-Mesoscale Dynamics, by the comprehensive studies of Ocean Systems Interactions, Risks, Instabilities, and Synergies (OSIRIS). Also, to investigate the aquifer materials, target and non-target contaminants in water treatment processes, and their Correlation with Climate Variability. Finally, efforts have been made to develop a Correlational Predictive Model of Chemical Reaction Kinetics in order to investigate process fundamentals & assess contaminant transformation over the areas of strong gradients in the physical environment associated with Oceanic Transitional Areas.
KEYWORDS Toxins, Climate Change, chemical oxidants, aquifer materials, target, and non-target contaminants, Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) and ‘High-Affinity Toxin Receptors’ (HART)