Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants for human consumption. Breeding, rearing, harvesting, and eventually selling farmed seafood to market are all part of the process. It is widely practiced all over the world and has existed in some form during most of human history. Aquaculture has become a popular and efficient method of raising and harvesting marine and aquatic species for human consumption. Aquaculture could reduce the need for finding and capturing wild fish for sustenance or ornamental purposes (i.e. aquariums) on a big scale, as well as enable us harvest underwater plants more efficiently for use in medications, nutritional supplements, and other items. Aquaculture has the ability to treat sewage and wastewater as well. The global economy benefits greatly from aquaculture.