Aquacultural Engineering is concerned with the creation and design of effective aquaculture systems for both marine and freshwater environments. It's a multidisciplinary branch of engineering that focuses on solving technological issues related to aquaculture of vertebrates, invertebrates, and algae. Sea cages, ponds, and recirculating systems are common aquaculture systems that require optimization and engineering. The design and management of these systems is dependent on the farming operation's production goals and economics. Design and development of aquaculture technologies necessitate knowledge of mechanical, biological, and environmental systems, as well as material engineering and instrumentation. Aquaculture engineering has contributed to the growth of the aquaculture industry, which today accounts for half of all seafood consumed worldwide.