Hundreds of millions of people, particularly in rural areas, rely on inland fish as a key source of protein, vital fats, and minerals. Inland fisheries provide a livelihood for more than 60 million people in low-income countries, with women accounting for more than half of the people involved in the supply chain. Inland fish and fisheries contribute to human health and well-being while also providing cultural and recreational benefits. They provide people in the industry more authority, contribute to the "green food" movement, and allow for knowledge transfer and capacity building beyond political boundaries. Socioeconomic events such as urbanisation, industrialization, and agriculture can have a variety of deleterious consequences on aquatic ecosystems. These events can be substantial contributors of stream ecological damage. Finding the origins of damage is a critical step in ensuring the long-term viability of river ecosystems.